A REVIEW OF MOOSE FERTILITY IN RUSSIA
Information on fertility of moose (Alces alces) and survival rate of calves in Russia is reviewed. The potential fertility of moose averages 1.3 (1.1-1.6) embryos per pregnant female. The percent of dry cows is variable, but usually does not exceed 35%. Annual calf mortality reaches 60-80%. Potential recruitment rate is near 40%, but is generally close to 30% by autumn, and drops by 10-15% in spring.
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